Nutrition & Health News

Binge drinking among young US adults not in college increased

27 July 2017 --- Binge drinking rates are finally down among US college students aged 18 to 24, after years of increases, but they are up among those in the same age group who are not in college, according to a study in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. The same study also found that alcohol-related hospitalizations and overdose deaths have increased generally among 18- to 24-year-olds.

Mediterranean-style diets linked to memory benefits

26 Jul 2017 --- Eating foods that are included in either the Mediterranean or MIND diets has been linked to a lower risk for memory difficulties in older adults, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Alcohol can actually improve memory, study suggests

26 Jul 2017 --- Drinking alcohol may actually improve the recall of information that was learned before the drinking episode began, a new study has suggested.

Up to 90 percent of adults in US and UK “overfat,” study finds

25 Jul 2017 --- The severity and implications of the global obesity pandemic have been well-documented for several years now. However, new research has drawn particular attention to the dangers and prevalence of overfat, or the presence of excess body fat that can impair health, even for non-obese individuals with a healthy BMI. The prevalence of overfat populations in 30 of the world’s most developed countries is substantially higher than recent global estimations, the report says, with the largest growth due to a relatively recent increased number of people with excess abdominal fat. 

Soybean meal’s nutritional value varies by country, says report

25 July 2017 --- The nutritional value of soybean meal produced in different places may be affected by genetic differences among different varieties of soybeans, as well as differences in growing conditions and processing, according to research from the University of Illinois (U of I).

Adolescent obesity linked to colorectal cancer risk in later life

24 Jul 2017 --- Adolescents who are overweight or obese run a higher risk of developing colon cancer and rectal cancer in adulthood than those who have a healthy weight, according to new research published online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The findings come at a time of growing concern about the impact of adolescent overweight and obesity on chronic disease later in life.

Enzyme discovery thought to be step toward creating vitamin A-rich rice

24 Jul 2017 --- An important step in the journey toward adding vitamin A to rice has been made by biochemists from the University of Freiburg who have explained in detail the structure of an enzyme that supplies the carotenoid beta-carotene.  As carotenoids have been found in the leaves of the rice plant, this leaves the door open for a future vitamin A-rich rice that could help with malnutrition issues.

Sugary drinks and high-protein meals don't mix, study finds

24 Jul 2017 --- The problems that may come with consuming a sugar-sweetened drink along with a high-protein meal have been laid out by a study published in the open access journal BMC Nutrition. The study suggests that combining the two may have a negative effect on energy balance, change food preferences and cause the body to store more fat.

Nutrition and misconceptions: key focuses for dairy industry, study finds

21 Jul 2017 --- A new study from the Journal of Dairy Science suggests that education on nutritional value and correcting misconceptions should be a focus of the dairy industry as it seeks to arrest a decades-long decline in fluid milk consumption. In recent years, fluid milk has struggled significantly for retail sales and per capita consumption has decreased at a rate of 380 ml per year since 1975. However, the results of the journal’s study highlighted the most important values among dairy milk and non-dairy beverage consumers for both milk and non-dairy beverages, which were fat and sugar levels respectively.

Novel cranberry seed oil attains Canadian good health claims approval

21 Jul 2017 --- Fruit d’Or Nutraceuticals has received a Natural Product Number (NPN) from Health Canada’s Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD), for its Cran d'Or cranberry seed oil. The oil is registered with an NPN claim as a “source of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids for the maintenance of good health. Source of antioxidants. Source of oleic acid.” Each tablespoon (15 ml) contains 34.8 percent ALA, 36.6 percent LA and 19.9 percent Oleic acid. 

Nutrition advice aimed at children key to improving parents' diets

20 Jul 2017 --- New research published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology has found that nutrition advice aimed at children also improves parents’ diets. The study examined whether long-term dietary intervention focused on children was also associated with parental dietary intake and cardiometabolic risk factors.

Meal frequency closely linked to BMI, study finds

20 Jul 2017 --- Eating only one or two meals a day and making breakfast the largest meal of the day are two examples of significant factors associated with a decrease in body mass index (BMI), according to a study by researchers from Loma Linda University School of Public Health (LLUSPH) and the Czech Republic.

Healthy diet during pregnancy reduces need for c-section

20 Jul 2017 --- Pregnant women who have a healthy diet and regularly engage in moderate exercise are less likely to have a caesarean section, gain excessive weight or develop diabetes in pregnancy, according to the results of a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) that used data from over 12,000 women.

Omega 3 acids fight inflammation via cannabinoids, study finds

19 Jul 2017 --- A new study in animal tissue has shown chemical reactions that convert omega 3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits, but without a psychotropic high. Cannabinoids, chemical compounds that are found in marijuana and are also produced naturally in the body from omega 3 fatty acids, include tetrahydrocannabinol. The cannaboid is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits.

Artemis champions immunity-boosting benefits of elderberries

19 Jul 2017 --- It may be time for the vitamin A-rich elderberry to share a spot with vitamin C at the top of the immune system support hierarchy. This is according to Artemis International, a supplier of flavonoid-rich ingredients it calls Berryceutical ingredients. The company is pointing to historical use and ongoing research being conducted globally on elderberries to suggest their time has come.

FODMAP Friendly: Nexira positions dietary fiber on trending platform

19 Jul 2017 --- Nexira has announced that its Fibregum meets the needs of those who require diets low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP). According to the company, Fibregum, a soluble dietary fiber sourced from acacia trees, is a highly branched polysaccharide, which ferments gradually in transverse and descending colons without generating discomfort.

Switching from high-fat to low-fat diets makes mice feel withdrawal symptoms

18 Jul 2017 --- Mice that were fed a palatable high-fat diet go through stress responses similar to drug withdrawal when they switch to a low-fat diet, according to a study conducted by Dr. Steve Fordahl, currently at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, and Dr. Dara Jones at Wake Forest School of Medicine. The study authors identified brain changes in the dopamine neurotransmitter system caused by stress when the palatable diet was removed. 

Study links artificial sweeteners to risk of weight gain, ISA refutes validity

18 Jul 2017 --- A newly published study has found that artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame, sucralose and stevia, may be associated with long-term weight gain and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. In response to the study, the International Sweeteners Association (ISA) has stated that the findings are not supported by the collective evidence from human intervention studies and previous systematic reviews and meta-analysis.

Not all plant-based diets created equal, study finds

18 Jul 2017 --- Plant-based diets are often recommended to reduce the risk of heart disease; however, some plant-based diets are actually associated with a higher risk of heart disease, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Overweight people less likely to consider timing of next meal when choosing portion sizes

18 Jul 2017 --- People with obesity tend to ignore how long it will be until the next meal when choosing how much to eat, according to researchers at the University of Bristol. In a study designed see if people consider the time interval between two consecutive meals when deciding portion sizes, the researchers found that obese people tend to discount that information.