Weight Management

Protein supplementation doesn’t help to keep weight off after weight loss, study suggests

19 Sep 2017 --- Protein supplementation does not result in improved weight management success or blood biochemistry after weight loss compared with the effects of normal dietary protein intake. This is according to a study sponsored by the University of Copenhagen and collaborated on by Danish companies Arla Foods and Nupo A/S.

Body’s own fat metabolism fights against harmful effects of sugar, study finds

19 Sep 2017 --- Researchers from Aarhus University in Denmark have discovered a metabolite that reveals how the body's fat metabolism provides protection against the harmful effects of sugar. The researchers have indicated this has the potential to explain the chemical link between a low-carbohydrate diet and healthy aging.

Landmark in calorie intake understanding as link to extended lifespan explained

18 Sep 2017 --- Researchers have found an explanation for why cutting calorie intake could dramatically extend lifespan in certain animal species. In work published online in Nature Communications, investigators at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) in Philadelphia, US, are the first to show that the speed at which the epigenome changes with age is associated with lifespan across species and that calorie restriction slows this process of change, potentially explaining its effects on longevity.

Lack of fruit and vegetables puts Mexican-American children at risk of obesity

14 Sep 2017 --- Potential disparities in fruit and vegetable intake in Mexican-American children may mean that they are at greater risk for obesity and related health problems, new research suggests.

Further cardiovascular evidence suggests there is no such thing as “healthy obesity”

11 Sep 2017 --- Clinicians have been warned by the results of a University of Birmingham study not to ignore the increased cardiovascular health risks of those who are either classed as “healthy obese” or deemed to be “normal weight” while having metabolic abnormalities such as diabetes.

Heparin medication found to promote food intake and weight gain

07 Sep 2017 --- Heparin, a medication widely used to prevent blood clotting, is named after and mimics the naturally occurring anticoagulant in the body. However, research published this week in Cell Reports shows that heparin also has a different role as a promoter of food intake and body weight increase in animal models. These results suggest that heparin could potentially be used in drugs regulating appetite and weight control.

Physical activity could lead to different diet preferences in males and females

06 Sep 2017 --- A staggering 90 percent of adult Americans fail to reach the US Department of Health guidelines for physical activity, contributing to surging obesity rates across the country. Now, new research by a multidisciplinary team of University of Missouri (MU) researchers suggests that physical activity can change diet preferences in males, but not in females – an area that researchers say has not been thoroughly studied.

Fat type and location may affect cancer development in multiple different ways

05 Sep 2017 --- Adipose tissue, or fat, may influence the development of cancer in diverse ways, depending on the type of fat and the location in the body. This is according to a study in Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Salacia extract found to help curb appetite and manage blood sugar

01 Sep 2017 --- As part of a recent study, researchers at Rutgers University have observed that a proprietary salacia extract demonstrated appetite reduction, satiety and blood sugar management benefits. 

Obese people found to lack cells with satiety hormones

31 Aug 2017 --- Severely overweight people release fewer satiety hormones than people of normal weight, causing them to have an inhibited sense of satiation. According to Swiss doctors in the journal Scientific Reports, this is because the responsible cells in the gastrointestinal tract of obese people are severely reduced. However, surgical weight-loss procedures can repair this disorder.

Large waistlines in those with psychotic disorders linked to reduced lifespans

29 Aug 2017 --- For those with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, there is an increased prevalence of obesity and its related diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Because of a number of factors, including obesity, the lifespan for those with schizophrenia is 20 years shorter than the general population. It is also 10 years shorter for those with bipolar disorder. But in a first-of-its-kind study, researchers from Florida Atlantic University have shown that expanding waistlines and the way body fat is distributed are largely to blame.

Study pinpoints how preservatives may disrupt hormones and promote obesity

10 Aug 2017 --- Cedars-Sinai investigators have developed a novel platform and protocol for testing the effects of chemicals known as endocrine disruptors on humans, according to a new study published in Nature Communications. Although growing evidence from animal experiments had already suggested that chemicals that are added to breakfast cereals and other everyday products make you obese, confirming these findings in humans had – until now – proven difficult.

Avoiding sugar quickly leads to sweeter future, research says

09 Aug 2017 --- Cutting out sugar, and particularly fructose, quickly improves metabolic function. This is according a review published in the August edition of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA), which says that measures of health can be seen after less than two weeks of sugar reduction.

Capsicum extract found to boost metabolism with red-hot results

08 Aug 2017 --- An extract from red-hot capsicum peppers boosts metabolic rate, according to a recent paper. The findings show that managing a healthy weight as we age by fighting a slowing metabolism may be aided by the pepper extract Capsimax, an OmniActive Health Technologies product that aims to deliver the beneficial heat of concentrated highly-active, natural capsicum in a controlled-release coating.

Obesity paradox supported by new heart procedures study

03 Aug 2017 --- Research at University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust (UHNM) in the UK has confirmed a link between elevated body mass index (BMI) and patients having better survival outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).

Diminished taste may lead to eating more calories

31 Jul 2017 --- A potential factor in understanding obesity has been revealed with the news that people who have a dulled ability to taste food choose sweeter – and therefore likely higher-calorie – food. The results of a study by Cornell University food scientists, “Participants With Pharmacologically Impaired Taste Function Seek Out More Intense, Higher Calorie Stimuli,” could give an insight into what contributes to eventual overweight and obesity.

Newly discovered brain cells may hold key to new obesity treatment

31 Jul 2017 --- Researchers at the Rockefeller University have identified two new populations of cells in the brain that potently regulate appetite. According to the researchers, the two types of cells, located in a part of the brainstem called the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), are potential targets for new drugs to treat obesity by controlling the hunger signals that drive the search for and consumption of food.

Up to 90 percent of adults in US and UK “overfat,” study finds

25 Jul 2017 --- The severity and implications of the global obesity pandemic have been well-documented for several years now. However, new research has drawn particular attention to the dangers and prevalence of overfat, or the presence of excess body fat that can impair health, even for non-obese individuals with a healthy BMI. The prevalence of overfat populations in 30 of the world’s most developed countries is substantially higher than recent global estimations, the report says, with the largest growth due to a relatively recent increased number of people with excess abdominal fat. 

Adolescent obesity linked to colorectal cancer risk in later life

24 Jul 2017 --- Adolescents who are overweight or obese run a higher risk of developing colon cancer and rectal cancer in adulthood than those who have a healthy weight, according to new research published online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The findings come at a time of growing concern about the impact of adolescent overweight and obesity on chronic disease later in life.

Nutrition and misconceptions: key focuses for dairy industry, study finds

21 Jul 2017 --- A new study from the Journal of Dairy Science suggests that education on nutritional value and correcting misconceptions should be a focus of the dairy industry as it seeks to arrest a decades-long decline in fluid milk consumption. In recent years, fluid milk has struggled significantly for retail sales and per capita consumption has decreased at a rate of 380 ml per year since 1975. However, the results of the journal’s study highlighted the most important values among dairy milk and non-dairy beverage consumers for both milk and non-dairy beverages, which were fat and sugar levels respectively.