Diabetes

Study: Blood sugar spikes in healthy people could signal prediabetes risk 

26 Jul 2018 --- Healthy individuals are likely experiencing rapid blood sugar spikes, sometimes at the same severity of people with diabetes, a study at the Stanford University School of Medicine has found. The research identified that the level of sugar in an individual's blood – especially in individuals who are considered healthy – fluctuates more than traditional means of monitoring, like the one-and-done finger-prick method, would have us believe. Such spikes can contribute to diseases that are common precursors for diabetes. 

Abnormal breakdown of branched-chain amino acids may increase risk for diabetes: study

09 Jul 2018 --- In the US, about five out of 100 expectant mothers develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a temporary form of diabetes in which hormonal changes disrupt insulin function. Although GDM is often symptomless and subsides after delivery, women with a history of it face a seven-fold risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Alhough the biological mechanisms underlying this rise in type 2 diabetes risk are mysterious, a new study in Clinical Chemistry led by Deirdre Tobias, DSc., associate epidemiologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School, suggests that the irregular metabolism of branched-chain amino acids may be partially to blame for progression to type 2 diabetes.

UK public underestimates severity of diabetes, charity claims

03 Jul 2018 --- A survey released by Diabetes UK highlights how only a small percentage of the UK public comprehend how serious diabetes can be and its potential to lead to devastating health complications, the charity note. The findings are released amid further statistics demonstrating the increasing prevalence of diabetes in the UK.

Walnuts may reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by half, study finds

28 Jun 2018 --- Adults who consume walnuts may have about half the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to adults who do not eat walnuts, a University of California study has found. The research, funded by the California Walnut Commission (CWV), provides additional support for the role of walnuts as part of a healthy diet, that may reduce the risk of diabetes.

Majority of UK diabetes sufferers struggling to open up about their condition, says Diabetes UK

12 Jun 2018 --- New research to mark the start of Diabetes Week in the UK reveals a high level of people with diabetes reporting difficulties in speaking about their condition. Such findings have shaped the theme for this year to be, “Talk about diabetes,” with the week focusing on encouraging people to have open conversations about the disease.

Sleep loss linked to nighttime snacking, junk food cravings and obesity: study

04 Jun 2018 --- Nighttime snacking and junk food cravings may contribute to unhealthy eating behaviors and represent a potential link between poor sleep and obesity, according to a study by University of Arizona (UA) Health Sciences sleep researchers.

Diabetes UK: “Consumers want to see clearer calorie labeling on food and menus” 

23 May 2018 --- Consumers are more likely to purchase food if it is accompanied by clear calorie labels on its packaging or on the menu of the establishment, a survey conducted by Diabetes UK’s campaign, Food Upfront, has found. The survey sheds light on how the availability of clear labeling on food and drink could have considerable influence on the spending habits of the British public. Therefore, the campaign is calling for mandatory front-of-pack traffic light labeling on foods and menu calorie labeling in eating establishments.

Plant-based possibilities: Report details novel sugar replacements for beverages

19 Apr 2018 --- PreScouter, a Chicago based technology scouting company, details novel replacements for sugars in a new analysis, that are from natural sources, safe, technologically viable and environmentally stable, for use in beverages. The company hopes that the report answers consumer calls for sweeteners that are both natural and healthy, in light of diabetes and obesity epidemics, and that it may aid informing beverage providers on how to best respond to calls for lowering sugar levels in drinks.

Are sin taxes good for public health? Lancet analysis suggests benefits for soft drinks levy

05 Apr 2018 --- Taxes on soft drinks, alcohol and tobacco – widely dubbed “sin taxes” – are a powerful response to rising rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide, according to a comprehensive analysis of evidence on expenditure, behavior and socio-economic status, published in The Lancet. Based on data from across the globe, the analysis presents strong evidence that taxes on unhealthy products can produce major health gains among the poorest in society – often disproportionately affected by NCDs. 

Research Digest: Summer BBQ under heat, novel performance blend for athletes

23 Mar 2018 --- NutritionInsight’s weekly roundup of research has identified two significant studies on heart health which pinpoint some popular accompaniments of a summer barbeque: soft drinks and barbequed meat. Firstly, it has been indicated that sugary drink ingestion may have implications on cardiovascular health and mortality in those over the age of 45, and cooking meat at high temperatures could have consequences on high blood pressure and other ailments. A new patent-pending product, Setria performance blend, has been released, with the aim of improving athletics nitric oxide bioavailability.

Red and processed meat linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

20 Mar 2018 --- The consumption of meat has increased globally during the last decades, and evidence is mounting that high consumption of red – and, in particular, processed meat – is related to chronic diseases such as cancer, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Now, a study published in the Journal of Hepatology has added non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to the list. While meat contributes valuable nutrients that are beneficial to health, including protein, iron, zinc and vitamin B12, the current study indicates that meat should be eaten in moderation and the type of meat and its preparation method should be wisely chosen.

Significant weight loss boosts chances for type 2 diabetes remission, stresses Diabetes UK

16 Mar 2018 --- In light of studies finding that weight loss may make remission possible in type 2 diabetics, new nutritional guidelines from Diabetes UK will encourage healthy and personalized eating patterns. Diets should be specific to patients as "there is not [a] one-size-fits-all approach" for diabetics. The guidelines are evidence-based and reflect recent research advances, chiefly of a Diabetes UK funded study called DIRECT.

Isomaltulose product holds potential for glucose regulation, study finds

15 Mar 2018 --- A study has identified the significance of Beneo's palatinose (Isomaltulose) – a "smart-sugar" made up of glucose and fructose – in achieving steady blood sugar levels when used as part of a low-glycemic diet. The glycemic index concept allows a ranking of carbohydrate-rich foods concerning their blood glucose raising potential. The study, by Henry et al., contributes to understandings of how a low-glycemic diet can contribute to improved blood glucose regulation, which opens up opportunities for people with diabetes. 

US government nutrition program lacks nutritional standards, putting recipients at risk: report

15 Mar 2018 --- More than 40 million Americans who rely on a government nutrition program face major health problem risks, a new report claims. It reports that the program, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), lacks important nutritional standards. There is a growing concern over high rates of obesity and related chronic diseases in the US. States and the federal government – which together provide millions with Medicaid and Medicare – are in a unique position to make a difference, the American Heart  Association notes.

Peptan brand expands: Rousselot launches hydrolyzed collagen for healthy joints

15 Mar 2018 --- Rousselot, a global producer of gelatin for the pharmaceutical, food and nutrition industries, is introducing a new joint health supplement to the market: Peptan IIm, launched under their known Peptan brand. The product is a hydrolyzed collagen type 2 matrix, which may offer multiple benefits in the area of joint health. 

Sweet and salty chicken: UK lobby group calls for warnings on salt-laden ready meals

13 Mar 2018 --- UK lobby group Action on Salt is demanding health warnings on Chinese takeaways, and ready meals after a new survey reveals their “staggeringly high” salt levels. With some of the meals containing “as much salt as five Big Macs,” the group is calling on Public Health England (PHE) to “create a level playing field”: getting tougher on setting salt targets, making front of pack labeling mandatory and putting warning labels on restaurant menus. 

Food labeling: Diabetics urge companies to use the same system, UK survey shows

09 Mar 2018 --- Around three-quarters of people with diabetes believe that a universal food labeling system on the front of food products would make it easier for them to make healthier choices. This is according to a Diabetes UK survey conducted among 7,406 people with diabetes about what would help them manage their condition. 

Fibrous foods may help restore blood sugar levels in Type 2 diabetics, study finds

09 Mar 2018 --- Eating a diet high in fiber may aid the treatment of type 2 diabetes, a new study has found. The study provides evidence that a high dietary fiber intake could balance the ecosystem of bacteria in the gut. This may result in blood glucose control, weight loss and healthier lipid levels. The study supports the idea that establishing a healthy gut microbiota could act as a new nutritional approach for preventing and managing type 2 diabetes.

Beyond Type 1/Type 2: At least five different subcategories of diabetes, study shows

05 Mar 2018 --- Diabetes can be broken down into – at least – five groups. This goes beyond the classification of diabetes as being two-fold, Type 1 and Type 2, and could lead to significant future treatments tailored to patient’s needs. This is according to a study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology Journal. “This is the step to more individualized medicine. We have been surprised at the immediate and enthusiastic response to this research from clinicians, for example,” Professor Leif Groop of Lund University Diabetes Centre tells NutritionInsight

Pterocarpus marsupium extract found to help lower blood glucose in diabetic rodents

22 Feb 2018 --- Pterocarpus marsupium extracts help lower blood glucose and HbA1c levels, increasing the levels of the hormone insulin in diabetic rats. This is according to a recently published study in the Journal of Dietary Supplements. Manufactured by Sami Labs (the manufacturing arm of Sabinsa Corporation), these extracts contain water-soluble C-glycosidic components and lower oxidative stress and inflammatory markers such as TNF-α, IL-6 (and its mRNA) in diabetic hepatic tissue.