Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes risk 20 to 30 percent lower for those who load up on wholegrains, study finds

05 Sep 2018 --- Wholegrains – from rye and oats to wheat – can prevent Type 2 diabetes, particularly when consumption levels are high, according to Danish researchers. Previous studies have flagged wholegrain’s potential in Type 2 diabetes prevention but did not identify the role of different wholegrain sources, as well as the quantities needed to reduce the diabetes risk. The Danish study included 55,000 participants and spanned 15 years.

1 in 4 adults physically inactive and at risk of disease, says WHO

05 Sep 2018 --- More than one in four adults globally – amounting to 1.4 billion people – are physically not active enough, with inactivity levels reaching one in three adults in some countries, new data published in The Lancet Global Health show. Policies to increase the physical activity levels of populations need to be prioritized and scaled up urgently to stave off the risk of poor health, note the involved World Health Organization experts. Regular physical activity is proven to help prevent and treat noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and different types of cancer. It has also been linked to improved mental health, quality of life and well-being. Moreover, it helps prevent hypertension and obesity.

“Demonization” of sugar hinders the fight against obesity, warns US nutritionist 

29 Aug 2018 --- “It’s not what one eats that causes obesity, but what one’s body does with what is eaten,” says Edward Archers, Ph.D., Physiologist and Nutrition Scientist. Over the past 50 years researchers, clinicians, health organizations and lobby groups have waged war on sugar, along with other dietary factors, but Archer coins this over emphasis on diet for health as “diet-centrism.” Diet is a trivial factor in metabolic health, positions Archer. Instead, a lack of physical activity is the most important factor for metabolic health.

Diabetes epidemic will trigger “sharp rise” in UK heart attacks and strokes, warns British Heart Foundation

24 Aug 2018 --- The number of people in the UK suffering heart attacks and strokes as a result of their diabetes will rise by 29 percent by 2035, according to new analysis by the British Heart Foundation. This rise is likely to put an “unprecedented burden” on the country’s medical services, with previous estimates suggesting the yearly cost of treating people with diabetes will be £16.9 billion (US$21.7 billion) by 2035, up from £9.8 billion in 2012.

Consuming milk at breakfast found to lower blood glucose throughout the day

20 Aug 2018 --- Consuming milk with breakfast cereal helps reduce postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with water, while a high dairy protein concentration also reduces postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with normal dairy protein concentration, according to a new study published in the Journal of Dairy Science. The high-protein treatment also decreased appetite after the second meal compared with the low-protein equivalent. As a result, this breakfast routine may provide benefits for the management of Type 2 diabetes, the researchers say. 

Asia Pacific “diabesity”: Researchers assess strategies to tackle the threat

20 Aug 2018 --- Obesity rates among children in the Asia Pacific are growing at a rapid rate and will soon pose a serious healthcare threat to countries in the region if no action is taken, according to a recent warning by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). To combat the threat of “diabesity” – a term used to describe the close relationship between Type 2 diabetes and obesity – governments and families need to encourage healthier diets, more active living and stress management exercises, says Dr. Naaznin Husein, President of the Indian Dietetic Association’s (IDA) Mumbai chapter. 

Mushrooms hold potential for prebiotic diabetes treatment, study finds

17 Aug 2018 --- Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences researchers. They also suggest that better understanding this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people.

Study: Blood sugar spikes in healthy people could signal prediabetes risk 

26 Jul 2018 --- Healthy individuals are likely experiencing rapid blood sugar spikes, sometimes at the same severity of people with diabetes, a study at the Stanford University School of Medicine has found. The research identified that the level of sugar in an individual's blood – especially in individuals who are considered healthy – fluctuates more than traditional means of monitoring, like the one-and-done finger-prick method, would have us believe. Such spikes can contribute to diseases that are common precursors for diabetes. 

Abnormal breakdown of branched-chain amino acids may increase risk for diabetes: study

09 Jul 2018 --- In the US, about five out of 100 expectant mothers develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a temporary form of diabetes in which hormonal changes disrupt insulin function. Although GDM is often symptomless and subsides after delivery, women with a history of it face a seven-fold risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Alhough the biological mechanisms underlying this rise in type 2 diabetes risk are mysterious, a new study in Clinical Chemistry led by Deirdre Tobias, DSc., associate epidemiologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School, suggests that the irregular metabolism of branched-chain amino acids may be partially to blame for progression to type 2 diabetes.

UK public underestimates severity of diabetes, charity claims

03 Jul 2018 --- A survey released by Diabetes UK highlights how only a small percentage of the UK public comprehend how serious diabetes can be and its potential to lead to devastating health complications, the charity note. The findings are released amid further statistics demonstrating the increasing prevalence of diabetes in the UK.

Walnuts may reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by half, study finds

28 Jun 2018 --- Adults who consume walnuts may have about half the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to adults who do not eat walnuts, a University of California study has found. The research, funded by the California Walnut Commission (CWV), provides additional support for the role of walnuts as part of a healthy diet, that may reduce the risk of diabetes.

Majority of UK diabetes sufferers struggling to open up about their condition, says Diabetes UK

12 Jun 2018 --- New research to mark the start of Diabetes Week in the UK reveals a high level of people with diabetes reporting difficulties in speaking about their condition. Such findings have shaped the theme for this year to be, “Talk about diabetes,” with the week focusing on encouraging people to have open conversations about the disease.

Sleep loss linked to nighttime snacking, junk food cravings and obesity: study

04 Jun 2018 --- Nighttime snacking and junk food cravings may contribute to unhealthy eating behaviors and represent a potential link between poor sleep and obesity, according to a study by University of Arizona (UA) Health Sciences sleep researchers.

Diabetes UK: “Consumers want to see clearer calorie labeling on food and menus” 

23 May 2018 --- Consumers are more likely to purchase food if it is accompanied by clear calorie labels on its packaging or on the menu of the establishment, a survey conducted by Diabetes UK’s campaign, Food Upfront, has found. The survey sheds light on how the availability of clear labeling on food and drink could have considerable influence on the spending habits of the British public. Therefore, the campaign is calling for mandatory front-of-pack traffic light labeling on foods and menu calorie labeling in eating establishments.

Plant-based possibilities: Report details novel sugar replacements for beverages

19 Apr 2018 --- PreScouter, a Chicago based technology scouting company, details novel replacements for sugars in a new analysis, that are from natural sources, safe, technologically viable and environmentally stable, for use in beverages. The company hopes that the report answers consumer calls for sweeteners that are both natural and healthy, in light of diabetes and obesity epidemics, and that it may aid informing beverage providers on how to best respond to calls for lowering sugar levels in drinks.

Are sin taxes good for public health? Lancet analysis suggests benefits for soft drinks levy

05 Apr 2018 --- Taxes on soft drinks, alcohol and tobacco – widely dubbed “sin taxes” – are a powerful response to rising rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide, according to a comprehensive analysis of evidence on expenditure, behavior and socio-economic status, published in The Lancet. Based on data from across the globe, the analysis presents strong evidence that taxes on unhealthy products can produce major health gains among the poorest in society – often disproportionately affected by NCDs. 

Research Digest: Summer BBQ under heat, novel performance blend for athletes

23 Mar 2018 --- NutritionInsight’s weekly roundup of research has identified two significant studies on heart health which pinpoint some popular accompaniments of a summer barbeque: soft drinks and barbequed meat. Firstly, it has been indicated that sugary drink ingestion may have implications on cardiovascular health and mortality in those over the age of 45, and cooking meat at high temperatures could have consequences on high blood pressure and other ailments. A new patent-pending product, Setria performance blend, has been released, with the aim of improving athletics nitric oxide bioavailability.

Red and processed meat linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

20 Mar 2018 --- The consumption of meat has increased globally during the last decades, and evidence is mounting that high consumption of red – and, in particular, processed meat – is related to chronic diseases such as cancer, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Now, a study published in the Journal of Hepatology has added non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to the list. While meat contributes valuable nutrients that are beneficial to health, including protein, iron, zinc and vitamin B12, the current study indicates that meat should be eaten in moderation and the type of meat and its preparation method should be wisely chosen.

Significant weight loss boosts chances for type 2 diabetes remission, stresses Diabetes UK

16 Mar 2018 --- In light of studies finding that weight loss may make remission possible in type 2 diabetics, new nutritional guidelines from Diabetes UK will encourage healthy and personalized eating patterns. Diets should be specific to patients as "there is not [a] one-size-fits-all approach" for diabetics. The guidelines are evidence-based and reflect recent research advances, chiefly of a Diabetes UK funded study called DIRECT.

Isomaltulose product holds potential for glucose regulation, study finds

15 Mar 2018 --- A study has identified the significance of Beneo's palatinose (Isomaltulose) – a "smart-sugar" made up of glucose and fructose – in achieving steady blood sugar levels when used as part of a low-glycemic diet. The glycemic index concept allows a ranking of carbohydrate-rich foods concerning their blood glucose raising potential. The study, by Henry et al., contributes to understandings of how a low-glycemic diet can contribute to improved blood glucose regulation, which opens up opportunities for people with diabetes.