Diabetes

Big data in healthcare: New tool can extend prediction time for diabetic remission after bariatric surgery

11 Dec 2018 --- The standard bariatric surgery clinical scoring system (DiaRem) has been updated by researchers so that it can extend the prediction time for diabetic remission following surgery from one to five years. Led by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of Negev in Israel, the process is an example of how big data can be used for healthcare.

NHS England launches pilot Type 2 diabetes remission plan

04 Dec 2018 --- The National Health Service of England (NHS) is set to double the size of its Diabetes Prevention program and has unveiled a pilot Type 2 diabetes remission plot, motivated by a study endorsed by Diabetes UK. The study coined DiRECT set out to find if a low-calorie liquid diet can put Type 2 diabetes into remission. Led by Professors Mike Lean and Roy Taylor, Diabetes UK says it is the largest research study it has funded to date.

Insulin shortage fears as diabetes rates continue to grow

23 Nov 2018 --- The growing prevalence of Type 2 diabetes around the globe will lead to insulin shortages, a Lancet study has warned. Driven by unhealthy diets, lifestyles and obesity, rates of Type 2 diabetes are on the rise, particularly among children and the African, Asian and Oceania regions. The Lancet findings underscore the importance of tackling barriers to the insulin market, as well as the need for alternative treatments and measures to curb the condition’s incidence.

Medtronic to acquire medical data firm Nutrino Health to boost diabetes management offering

22 Nov 2018 --- Medtronic, a provider of medical technology, is to acquire Nutrino Health, a provider of nutrition-related data services, analytics and technologies. The announcement comes at a time when the industry is taking note of the potential of advanced technologies and big data to answer pertinent, global issues surrounding health and nutrition.  

Family awareness highlighted during World Diabetes Day

14 Nov 2018 --- Four in five parents have trouble recognizing the warning signs of diabetes, according to research by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). To mark this year’s World Diabetes Day, IDF is seeking to raise awareness of the effect diabetes has on the family, with a particular focus on prevention and management of the disease. 

UK Type 1 diabetes patients miss out on glucose monitoring device, study says

09 Nov 2018 --- A flash glucose monitoring device made available on prescription across the UK last November is still not available to everyone who may need it, claims a study published in BMJ. According to the study’s findings, about 25 percent of clinical commissioning groups (CCG) do not recommend it to patients, thinking that it is too costly. 

Gut microbiota can affect insulin response, study finds

29 Oct 2018 --- The gut microbiota has the ability to affect how cells respond to insulin, and can thus contribute to Type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the journal Cell. According to the study authors, the findings show how important the interaction between gut microbiota and diet is to understand the metabolism in health and disease. During recent years, the gut microbiota has been associated with health and several disease conditions. However, only a few studies have investigated whether an altered gut microbiota can directly affect disease.

Pioneering treatment could end the need for insulin therapy in Type 2 Diabetes patients

25 Oct 2018 --- Researchers at the Amsterdam UMC have come up with a novel method to ensure that diabetes Type 2 patients can avoid needing to undergo insulin therapy. Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by an inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar, or the body’s inability to effectively use the insulin it produces. According to the researchers, the new method could have myriad other benefits in reducing metabolic conditions.

Intermittent fasting strategy may help reverse Type 2 diabetes, suggests case study

12 Oct 2018 --- Planned intermittent fasting may help to reverse Type 2 diabetes, suggest doctors writing in the journal BMJ Case Reports. Their suggestion comes after three patients in their care were able to cut out the need for insulin treatment altogether following an intermittent fasting strategy.

Amino acid found to provide brief beneficial effects on blood glucose levels

11 Oct 2018 --- An amino acid, alanine, may produce a short-term lowering of glucose levels by altering energy metabolism in the cell, scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center have found. Type 2 diabetes is driven by many metabolic pathways, with some pathways driven by amino acids, the molecular building blocks for proteins. The findings, published in Molecular Metabolism, show that it may be possible to use specific nutrients to change metabolism in a cell.

Palm tocotrienol complex found to support renal function in diabetic patients

10 Oct 2018 --- The use of EVNol SupraBio bioenhanced full spectrum palm tocotrienol complex among diabetic nephropathy patients significantly reduced serum creatinine levels, potentially averting the progression of renal impairment. This is according to the findings of a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial was conducted by a group of researchers from the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, to investigate the effect of ExcelVite’s EVNol SupraBio on diabetic nephropathy (also known as diabetic kidney disease).

Vitamin B shows protective effect on kidney health in children with diabetes

01 Oct 2018 --- Simple supplementation of vitamin B complex may protect against the development and progression of kidney disease in children with Type 1 diabetes, according to research presented at the 57th Annual European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Meeting last week. Vitamin B could thus help promote improved health and quality of life in adulthood, the researchers say.

Type 2 diabetes risk 20 to 30 percent lower for those who load up on wholegrains, study finds

05 Sep 2018 --- Wholegrains – from rye and oats to wheat – can prevent Type 2 diabetes, particularly when consumption levels are high, according to Danish researchers. Previous studies have flagged wholegrain’s potential in Type 2 diabetes prevention but did not identify the role of different wholegrain sources, as well as the quantities needed to reduce the diabetes risk. The Danish study included 55,000 participants and spanned 15 years.

1 in 4 adults physically inactive and at risk of disease, says WHO

05 Sep 2018 --- More than one in four adults globally – amounting to 1.4 billion people – are physically not active enough, with inactivity levels reaching one in three adults in some countries, new data published in The Lancet Global Health show. Policies to increase the physical activity levels of populations need to be prioritized and scaled up urgently to stave off the risk of poor health, note the involved World Health Organization experts. Regular physical activity is proven to help prevent and treat noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and different types of cancer. It has also been linked to improved mental health, quality of life and well-being. Moreover, it helps prevent hypertension and obesity.

“Demonization” of sugar hinders the fight against obesity, warns US nutritionist 

29 Aug 2018 --- “It’s not what one eats that causes obesity, but what one’s body does with what is eaten,” says Edward Archers, Ph.D., Physiologist and Nutrition Scientist. Over the past 50 years researchers, clinicians, health organizations and lobby groups have waged war on sugar, along with other dietary factors, but Archer coins this over emphasis on diet for health as “diet-centrism.” Diet is a trivial factor in metabolic health, positions Archer. Instead, a lack of physical activity is the most important factor for metabolic health.

Diabetes epidemic will trigger “sharp rise” in UK heart attacks and strokes, warns British Heart Foundation

24 Aug 2018 --- The number of people in the UK suffering heart attacks and strokes as a result of their diabetes will rise by 29 percent by 2035, according to new analysis by the British Heart Foundation. This rise is likely to put an “unprecedented burden” on the country’s medical services, with previous estimates suggesting the yearly cost of treating people with diabetes will be £16.9 billion (US$21.7 billion) by 2035, up from £9.8 billion in 2012.

Consuming milk at breakfast found to lower blood glucose throughout the day

20 Aug 2018 --- Consuming milk with breakfast cereal helps reduce postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with water, while a high dairy protein concentration also reduces postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with normal dairy protein concentration, according to a new study published in the Journal of Dairy Science. The high-protein treatment also decreased appetite after the second meal compared with the low-protein equivalent. As a result, this breakfast routine may provide benefits for the management of Type 2 diabetes, the researchers say. 

Asia Pacific “diabesity”: Researchers assess strategies to tackle the threat

20 Aug 2018 --- Obesity rates among children in the Asia Pacific are growing at a rapid rate and will soon pose a serious healthcare threat to countries in the region if no action is taken, according to a recent warning by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). To combat the threat of “diabesity” – a term used to describe the close relationship between Type 2 diabetes and obesity – governments and families need to encourage healthier diets, more active living and stress management exercises, says Dr. Naaznin Husein, President of the Indian Dietetic Association’s (IDA) Mumbai chapter. 

Mushrooms hold potential for prebiotic diabetes treatment, study finds

17 Aug 2018 --- Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences researchers. They also suggest that better understanding this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people.

Study: Blood sugar spikes in healthy people could signal prediabetes risk 

26 Jul 2018 --- Healthy individuals are likely experiencing rapid blood sugar spikes, sometimes at the same severity of people with diabetes, a study at the Stanford University School of Medicine has found. The research identified that the level of sugar in an individual's blood – especially in individuals who are considered healthy – fluctuates more than traditional means of monitoring, like the one-and-done finger-prick method, would have us believe. Such spikes can contribute to diseases that are common precursors for diabetes.