Combining low-sodium and DASH diets dramatically lowers blood pressure in hypertensive adults

d55174fa-bf3d-4be1-ad5f-c721da408811articleimage.jpg

13 Nov 2017 --- A combination of reduced sodium intake and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is effective in lowering the blood pressure of adults with hypertension, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, a global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

DASH diets are rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains along with low or fat-free dairy, fish, poultry, beans, seeds and nuts. The DASH dietary pattern is promoted by the US-based National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the American Heart Association to control hypertension. It has been linked to a lower intake of unsaturated fats and easing the painful symptoms of gout. In addition, research has suggested it could lead to lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Looking at effects of combining diets
While both low-sodium and DASH diets have been reported to help lower high blood pressure, the study examined the effects of combining the two diets in adults with high blood pressure.

The American Heart Association reports that the study followed 412 adults with systolic blood pressures in four categories: less than 130 mmHg; between 130 and 139 mmHg; between 140 and 159 mmHg; and 150 or higher mmHg. They were either on low-sodium or DASH diets for four weeks.

The researchers’ findings included:

  • Participants who cut their sodium intake had lower systolic blood pressure than adults that had high sodium consumption.
  • Participants who followed the DASH diet but did not reduce their sodium intake also had lower blood pressure than those with similar sodium intake but not on the DASH diet.
  • Participants on the combined diet had lower blood pressure compared to participants with high sodium intake eating their regular diet.
  • The reduction in blood pressure increased with the severity of hypertension, with participants having systolic blood pressure over 150 mmHg showing the most dramatic difference with the low sodium-DASH diet than those not on the diet. More research is needed to determine if the combination diet has the same effect for adults with systolic blood pressure above 160 mmHg.

Related Articles

Business News

Fibers and proteins among Naturex’s expansion and diversification strategy

24 Nov 2017 --- Over the past months, Naturex has moved to boost its presence in the natural nutrition market with the acquisition of Swedish Oat Fiber, a specialized manufacturer of oat dietary fibers, oils and proteins, as well as the signing of a global distribution agreement via its Open Innovation program (Ingenium) with a Colorado-based start-up, MycoTechnology, for their PureTaste, shiitake mushroom plant protein created by patent-pending fungi fermentation technology.

Nutrition & Health News

Low-salt and DASH diet as effective as drugs for some adults with high blood pressure: study

23 Nov 2017 --- A study of adults with prehypertension, or stage 1 high blood pressure, has shown that combining a low-salt diet with the heart-healthy DASH diet substantially lowers systolic blood pressure – the top number in a blood pressure test – especially in people with higher baseline systolic readings.

Nutrition & Health News

Peruvian companies hope Europe goes nuts for its new “superseed” sacha inchi

22 Nov 2017 --- Peru is going to make a big effort to introduce sacha inchi to the European market this autumn. This is according to Andean & Amazonian Super(b) Foods, a news platform set up by the companies CBI, PromPeru, Adex and CCL to promote Peruvian foods. Sacha inchi is a nut-like seed with strong health benefits and the platform states that it “will be one of the stars of the Peruvian participations in Food Matters Live and Fi Europe this autumn.”

Nutrition & Health News

Gut bacteria sensitive to salt, linked to MS and hypertension: study

20 Nov 2017 --- Common salt reduces the number of certain lactic acid bacteria in the gut of mice and humans. This is according to a study published in the journal Nature by Berlin's Max Delbrück Center and Charité, which further notes an impact on immune cells that are partly responsible for autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) and hypertension. Probiotics were also found to ameliorate the symptoms of disease in mice.

Nutrition & Health News

Researchers highlight risks associated with energy drinks, call for policy changes

17 Nov 2017 --- The advertised short-term benefits of energy drinks can be outweighed by serious health risks – which include risk-seeking behavior, mental health problems, increased blood pressure, obesity and kidney damage. This is according to a new review of current scientific knowledge on energy drinks published in Frontiers in Public Health. To curb this growing public health issue, policymakers should regulate sales and marketing towards children and adolescents and set upper limits on caffeine, the researchers say.

More Articles
URL : http://www.nutritioninsight.com:80/news/combining-low-sodium-and-dash-diets-dramatically-lowers-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-adults.html